Archive | Callus Locations

Calluses on Feet

Calluses on feet are extremely common and they can affect many different areas of the foot. The most common cause by far is wearing shoes that are unfit. By unfit we are referring to any size or shape aspect of the shoe that forces the feet in a position prone to cause friction. Characteristics of an unfit shoe include:

  • narrow shoe tip
  • shoe size too small
  • shoe in-sole has a rough surface
calluses on feet

Calluses on feet

There are many other potential causes to calluses on feet, the aforementioned being the most common. The following are not as common but they do constitute a significant amount of cases.

  • wearing shoes without socks (plantar calluses)
  • toes curled in static resting position (also causes corns)
  • walking bare feet a lot
  • hiking

Prevention of Calluses on Feet


Purchase moleskin strips or patches to pad areas that are prone to calluses; these are guaranteed to prevent further calluses on feet. Foot callus formation can be prevented entirely by wearing shoes that fit properly. Avoid wearing tight fitting shoes, and limit the use of heels as they cause a shift in the weight towards the front of the body and on your toes, instead of being evenly divided across the whole foot. Discard old socks which have lost their padding properties, and make sure that your socks fit properly and are not too tight or too lose.

Treatment of Calluses on Feet


 

Get Relief from Calluses on Feet Symptoms
  • Reduce any stress on feet by walking less or temporarily pausing high demand activities such as hiking.
  • Apply a pressure relieving band aid
  • Moisturize the foot to relieve dryness
  • Get a foot massage

 

Discover the source of Calluses on Feet Pressure or Friction
  • Eliminate the source of pressure
  • Change your shoes to more suitable ones that ensure equal weight distribution
  • Purchase >moleskin pad (for calluses on top of feet) or callus cushion pads (for calluses on base of feet) that can be inserted into the shoe. These will alleviate the pressure and some symptoms.

 

Conservative Treatment Methods for Calluses on Feet

 

Consider going to the podiatrist if all else fails for your Calluses on Feet
Consult your nearest podiatrist only after you have unsuccessfully tried at least one of the conservative methods above consistently for two weeks. The doctor will most likely use a scalpel to trim away the dead skin. This procedure is called paring and it is the most effective method in dealing with calluses on feet. However, this should be used as a last resort (because of cost) and most cases are best treated with conservative methods.

Callus on Bottom of Foot

The ball of the foot is situated in the plantar region of the foot, more commonly known as the sole of the foot. Your body weight is equally (more or less) distributed between your two feet. If any intrinsic (flat feet, bone deformities etc) or extrinsic (shoe, socks etc) factors disrupt the weight distribution and shift the weight to areas not used to that pressure (such as the ball of the feet), it causes the skin to harden as a defensive measure, causing a callus on bottom of foot . This newly hardened skin is called a plantar callus. These are generally more uncomfortable as opposed to calluses on the hands or at the dorsum of the foot. It is very important to take steps to prevent these, as once they are fully formed they have a tendency to recur.

Callus on Bottom of Foot

Plantar callus on metatarsal head.

Prevention of A Callus on Bottom of Foot

To prevent a callus on the bottom of the foot, you must first understand what causes them. These medical conditions are known to be directly linked to the causation of calluses on the base of the foot:

  • Bunions
  • flat feet (Pes Planus)
  • Big toe is not aligned and is pointing outward from the center of the body (Hallux valgus)
  • Mal-union of fracture (a previous fracture of a leg or foot bone that did not heal properly, leading to abnormal weight distribution)

In a lot of cases the aforementioned conditions directly cause plantar calluses. The cause of the callus must be tackled before attempting to resolve the callus (which is a symptom of the listed conditions). If you think you might have any of these conditions then you must visit your nearest podiatrist to correct these issues.

Plantar calluses can also be brought on by daily repetitive activities, such as walking or running (mostly because or wrongly fitted shoes). Here are some steps you can take to avoid calluses in the future:

  • Purchase callus cushions such as Dr Scholl’s round callus cushions that you can wear inside your shoes to prevent pressure from building up
  • Wear proper suitable shoes that ensure equal weight distribution

Treatment of Callus on Bottom of Foot

Get relief from symptoms of Callus on Bottom of Foot
  • Reduce any stress on feet by walking less or temporarily pausing high demand activities such as hiking.
  • Apply a pressure relieving band aid
  • Moisturize the foot to relieve dryness
  • Get a foot massage

 

Discover the source of pressure/friction of a Callus on Bottom of Foot
  • Eliminate the source of pressure
  • Change your shoes to more suitable ones that ensure equal weight distribution
  • Purchase callus pads that are you can insert in the shoe

 

Conservative Callus on Bottom of Foot Treatment Methods

 

Consider going to the podiatrist if all else fails with your Callus on Bottom of Foot
Consult your nearest podiatrist only after you have unsuccessfully tried at least one of the conservative methods above consistently for two weeks. The doctor will most likely use a scalpel to trim away the dead skin on the callus on bottom of foot. This procedure is called paring and is the most effective method. However, this should be used as a large resort (because of cost) and most cases are best treated with conservative methods.

Calluses on Hands

Calluses on the hands can be very disturbing and unsightly, although usually they are not painful at all. It can put one in embarrassing situations while shaking hands, where the other person gets startled and pulls away. However, calluses on hands are not a serious health problem and most people have experienced a callus in their lifetime. Some folks believe having calluses on hands is a sign of ruggedness as it signifies that the hands have been involved in some heavy work. Its not that bad to have a callus on the hand after all!

bench press can causes calluses, Calluses on Hands

Bench Press – an exercise that can induce hand calluses.

How To Prevent Calluses on Hands

We are assuming you understand what causes calluses to form in the first place, if you don’t yet know we highly suggest you skim through this post first. So the key here is to avoid excessive or repetitive friction on the hands. Think back to the time you first noticed your callus, What activities were you involved in that could have been causing friction on your hands? Did you recently begin to lift weights? Did you put a new steering wheel cover? Ask yourself these questions and when you discover the source of the callus, seek to eliminate it. “But I can’t stop lifting weights, summer is just round the corner!” we hear you say. Well fear not because in that situation you can purchase a pair of padding gloves. These pack a one two punch, as they prevent excessive friction and help you lift weights better by enhancing grip.

Treatment of Calluses on Hands

There are quite a few treatment options for calluses on the hands. However, it is best to follow a strategic treatment plan whether you are a dermatologist or a regular person at home trying to get rid of your callus. Follow these steps to effectively treat your callus condition:

Get relief from symptoms of Calluses on Hands
  • Reduce any stress on feet by walking less or temporarily pausing high demand activities such as hiking.
  • Apply a pressure relieving band aid
  • Moisturize the foot to relieve dryness
  • Get a foot massage

 

Discover the source of pressure or friction on Calluses on Hands
  • Eliminate the source of pressure
  • Purchase padding gloves if pressure causing activity is absolutely necessary

 

Conservative treatment methods of Calluses on Hands

 

Consider going to the podiatrist if all else fails for Calluses on Hands
Consult your nearest podiatrist only after you have unsuccessfully tried at least one of the conservative methods above consistently for two weeks. The doctor will most likely use a scalpel to trim away the dead skin. This procedure is called paring and is the most effective method. However, this should be used as a large resort (because of cost) and most cases are best treated with conservative methods.
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